The relation between osteoporosis and menopause
Osteoporosis is one of the most common degenerative diseases which is marked by the loss of bone strength. The condition usually affects women above the age of 40, who are on the verge of menopause or have already hit it. Menopause refers to the time in a woman's life when her ovarian reserves are completely depleted and she stops having her periods. On average, the bone density of women falls by 10 per cent during the first five years following menopause. As a result of this, their bones tend to become thinner and more prone to fractures.
The question is, how is menopause related to osteoporosis and why does the former elevate the risks of the latter. Let's try to find the answer with the help of the best Orthopaedic surgeon in Indore.
Understanding the relationship between the two
Do you know when women reach their peak bone mass? Well, it is usually around the age of 25 to 30 years, when their bones finally stop growing. The female reproductive hormone oestrogen plays a vital role in maintaining the strength of these bones and as you grow old, the levels tend to drop, just like your ovarian reserve. In fact, oestrogen levels significantly drop by the time you attain menopause, leaving your bones without any protection. This results in increased bone loss, eventually leading to osteoporosis
How is osteoporosis diagnosed?
Just like any other bone problem, osteoporosis is also diagnosed with the help of a special x-ray technique, known as x-ray absorptiometry. The technique is used to measure bone density, which is reported as Z-score and T-score. The former shows a comparison between your bone mass and the expected bone mass of a healthy person of your age. The latter shows the variation between your bone mass and that of a young woman whose bone mass is at its peak.
- T-score lying between 1 and -1 signifies that your bone density is healthy
- T-score lying between - 1and - 2.5 indicates osteopenia. This means that there is a slight loss of bone density.
- T-score less than - 2.5 suggest that there is considerable loss of bone density and the patient has osteoporosis
Is it possible to alleviate the risks of osteoporosis?
As you are closing menopause, there are some tips that can help to lower the risks of osteoporosis. We have mentioned some of these with the help of experts from the top knee replacement hospital in Indore. These are as under:
Try to add at least 1,300 mg of calcium to your daily diet. For this, you will be required to take 3 to 4 servings of dairy food products. If you are allergic to lactose, there are some other non-dairy products that also contains a significant amount of calcium. These include almonds, dark leafy vegetables, firm tofu and some fish. These have to be an important part of your meals.
Strengthen your bone by exercising and indulging in physical activities. Many people think that these can add to the further wear and tear of the bones, however, this is completely false. Weight-bearing physical activities such as resistance training can significantly help to boost your bone strength
Do not forget to take your Vitamins D. This is very important for your bones as it helps them to absorb the calcium. You can get vitamin D by sitting in the sun or eating foods that are loaded with it. You can also try vitamin D supplements that are easily available in the market, however, make sure you consult your doctor before taking these.
Cut down on alcohol consumption and refrain from smoking. Both of these can drastically impact your overall health, thereby increasing your vulnerability to various diseases and ailments including osteoporosis.
Stay in touch with your doctor and go for regular checkups, to keep a track of your bone health. You can find the best knee and hip replacement doctor in Indore for the same.