Stroke: Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment
Stroke is an emergency medical condition where in a part of the brain is not able to receive the blood supply or has reduced blood flow. The blood that is transferred to the brain for its functioning is rich in oxygen and other nutrients. As there is a lack of oxygen and nutrients in the brain tissues during a stroke, the brain cells begin to get damaged or die within minutes of having a stroke. This condition always requires prompt treatment from the best neuro doctor in Indore otherwise the brain would lose millions of brain cells and get damaged more. Effective treatments can prevent the patient from getting a disability.
Symptoms of Stroke:
The life of the person having a stroke can be saved by quickly recognizing the common signs and symptoms of a stroke. It has been seen that some treatment modalities work more effectively as soon as the stroke begins rather than after few hours of having it. The symptoms of the stroke that shall be looked for include:
- Difficulty in communication: The patient may have a slurred or jumbled speech, a state of confusion, or trouble in understanding what other speak.
- Headache: Suddenly, the person may experience a severe headache that could be accompanied by dizziness, vomiting, and lack of consciousness.
- Paralysis: There may be sudden numbness, paralysis, or weakness in the face, legs, or arms (usually on one side). If the person tries to raise both arms above the head, one of them would begin to fall. Moreover, the mouth of the person may droop on one side when tried smiling.
- Visionary problems: The person may have an unanticipated blackened, blurred, or double vision of both or one of the eyes.
- Trouble walking: There may be a loss of body balance and coordination which may make the person repeatedly trip as he/she walks. Lack of voluntary control of the bowel movements or urination and even troubled swallowing.
- Poor mental health: If the brain damage has occurred during stroke, the patient may feel depressed; have problems with learning, thinking, attention, memory, awareness, and judgment; and have difficulty in controlling emotions or express unsuitable emotions.
If any of these signs are observed, immediately call on the local emergency number to seek instant medical attention or visit the best neuro hospital in Indore.
Haemorrhagic strokes: It happens when one of the arteries within the brain bursts and leads to bleeding inside the brain. This causes the brain tissue to be damaged by the pressure created by the excess blood within the area where bleeding has occurred. It can be caused as a result of traumatic head injury, aneurysms, overuse of anticoagulants, uncontrolled hypertension, blood clots, or cerebral amyloid angiopathy.
Ischaemic strokes: It is the most common type of stroke which occurs due to the formation of a blood clot within an artery, thereby completely blocking the blood supply within or to the brain.
Mini stroke (Transient ischaemic attack): It is a temporary break in the blood flow to the brain. Its symptoms may last for few minutes or up to some hours and may resolve within 24 hours. If the symptoms stay for more than 24 hours, it becomes a full-blown stroke.
The doctor will assess the patients for current symptoms, review their medical history including earlier records of having a stroke, heart disease, or TIA. Some tests may be recommended like an Echocardiogram, EEG, ECG, ultrasound scanning of carotids, cerebral angiogram, brain CT scan, brain MRI, chest X-rays, and blood tests.
Treatment For Stroke:
Initially, the stroke is stopped by acute therapies to reduce the chances of having further strokes. This is possible by administering some medications such as:
- Anticoagulants or antiplatelet drugs limit the size of blood clots or prevent the formation of new clots.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce swelling in the brain
- Thrombolytic therapy medications to dissolve blood clots
- Antihypertensive to decrease blood pressure.
- Medications for underlying health conditions that cause stroke
- Sometimes, surgery to repair the ruptured or blocked arteries might be needed. It is vital that after a stroke adequate fluids and nutrition are consumed by the patient especially when having difficulty in swallowing.
Long term treatment modalities involve rehabilitation by:
- Physiotherapy to enhance mobility.
- Occupational therapy to make better routine activities like bathing, cooking, washing, and others.
- Speech therapy to improve speaking ability.
At Vishesh Jupiter Hospital best and state of art advanced treatments are provided to the patient of all ages by expert neuro doctor in Indore for problems related to brain and nervous system.At the hospital treatment for child neurological conditions like migraines, epilepsy, brain injury, and degenerative neurological conditions are also provided by the best child neurologist in Indore.
For more information about the brain and nervous system disorders and disease, schedule an appointment with expert neuro doctor in Indore at Vishesh Jupiter Hospital.