Heart problems that can make you short of breath
Breathing is a natural process. Inhaling Oxygen and exhaling Carbon dioxide is something that living beings do all the time. We breathe in and out, hundreds and thousands of times in a day, and that too effortlessly. But for some, the process of breathing is not as simple and easy. Breathing problems is an umbrella term used for various conditions that can make it difficult for you to breathe, or make you feel breathless. As per the best angiography doctor in Indore, breathlessness is associated with a wide range of cardiovascular ailments, and we are going to discuss the most common of these in this blog.
Heart failure - Commonly referred to as congestive heart failure, the condition is marked by the inability of the heart to pump blood efficiently. Irrespective of what the name suggests, heart failure does not mean that your heart has completely shut down, rather, it means that your heart muscles are not healthy enough to pump blood as they should. Breathlessness and fatigue are two of the most common signs of heart failure. The patient may also experience oedema, which is marked by fluid retention in the lower limbs. During the early stage of heart failure, the patient may experience difficulty in breathing while taking part in any sort of physical activity, be it going out for a walk, or dressing up. Initially, your doctors may recommend lifestyle changes and medication. However, surgery is the only resort in the later stages.
Tachycardia - The condition is marked by an abnormally fast heart rate, more than 100 beats in a minute. It is further classified into different types - supraventricular tachycardia and atrial tachycardia. The former causes the patient's heart rate to speed up, owing to an abnormality in the electrical signals generated by the heart. People suffering from SVT or supraventricular tachycardia are quite likely to experience breathlessness. The problem can be managed by Healthy lifestyle changes. In extreme cases, you may need proper treatment, for which you can find the best cardiology hospital in Indore.
Pulmonary oedema - As the name suggests, the condition is related to the lungs, and is marked by the excessive buildup of fluid which makes it difficult for the patient to breathe properly. Although the condition affects the lungs, it is usually triggered by an underlying heart problem. Wondering how? Well, when the heart is not able to pump the blood it is getting from the lungs, it results in the build-up of pressure, pushing fluid towards the lungs. This fluid enters the air sacs and gets accumulated there over time. Breathlessness associated with pulmonary oedema is likely to aggravate when the patient lies down. It may feel like you are drowning and gasping for air.
Cardiomyopathy - This is a very serious problem, marked by the inability of the heart muscles to pump blood to other parts of the body. Cardiomyopathy may be triggered by a variety of reasons that include heart attack, an underlying medical condition like diabetes or cancer treatment. People who are overweight fall in the risk category, and so do those who drink excessive alcohol or are suffering from high blood pressure. The symptoms of cardiomyopathy are not evident at first, however, the condition is progressive and the problem tends to get worse with time. You will gradually develop oedema and experience general body weakness and fatigue. Other symptoms associated with cardiomyopathy include dizziness, fluttering heartbeat and chest pain.
Breathlessness might not always be a sign of something serious, however, it is always better to get yourself evaluated. You can consult the best doctors in Indore for the same.