Brain Tumor: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment
A brain tumor is the unfamiliar cluster of cells or abnormal mass of tissue found inside the brain. It can exist in two forms: benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). It can arise either in the brain itself (primary brain tumor) or in another body part and metastasize to the brain (secondary brain tumor). Vishesh Jupiter Hospital is one of the best hospital for spine surgery in Indore where the advanced treatment options are provided by experts using cutting edge technology.
Based on the location, size, and growth rate of brain tumors, the signs and symptoms may vary, some of which are:
- The onset of severe and frequent headaches or changes in its pattern.
- Unexplained vomiting and nausea
- Vision problems like reduced peripheral vision, double vision, or blurred vision
- Trouble in balancing the body
- Difficulties with speech
- Sensory issues or paralysis of arm or leg
- Hearing problems
- Changes in personality or behavior
- Mental issues like the confused state of mind, inability to follow commands, and problem in decision making
If a person shows any of the general symptoms of a brain tumor, the neurologist may recommend multiple tests and procedures such as:
- A neurological examination: It includes checking the patient’s vision, balance, hearing abilities, coordination, reflexes, and strength. If the person has any defect in any of them, it means the part of the brain that controls them could possess a brain tumor.
- Imaging tests: The most preferred one is Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) to study the complete anatomy of the brain by producing detailed pictures of the inside of the brain using a strong magnetic field and radio waves. The brain tumor can be evaluated by different kinds of specialized MRI scans such as perfusion MRI, functional MRI, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The other recommended imaging tests are Positron emission tomography (PET scans) and Computerized tomography (CT scans).
- Brain biopsy: A part of abnormal tissue of the brain is removed with the help of a stereotactic needle either as a part of surgery or as a sample for further analysis. For inserting the needle, the surgeon drills a hole in the patient’s skull. The biopsy sample is visualized under the microscope to help diagnose the type of tumor (benign or malignant).
The most performed treatment options available at VisheshJuptier Hospital, Best hospital in Indore to remove brain tumor:
Surgery: Surgical removal is the common treatment for most brain tumors that are located in an accessible part of the brain. A neurosurgeon aims to be appropriately aggressive against the treatment of brain tumors by removing safely as manytumors as possible. To achieve the best outcomes, correct operation with preservation of brain critical function at the early stages is very important. Before the operation, the complete brain anatomy is extensively studied by the neurosurgeon.
A craniotomy is the common invasive procedure wherein a bony part of the skull (called a bone flap) is temporarily removed using specialized tools to expose the brain inside. This provides the neurosurgeons' access to the tumors to be able to treat them. Throughout the procedure, the brain is mapped (using MRI and CT scans) to identify its critical functional areas and reach the precise locations of the brain tumor.
Radiation therapy and Stereotactic Radiosurgery: It includes focussing on high-energy beams like X rays or protons to damage the abnormal brain tissue and later remove the destroyed cells by surgery or kill cancerous brain cells and prevent their further growth. This can be either external beam radiation or a rarely used brachytherapy (radiation placed in the internal body system). It is a daycare procedure performed when surgical removal is not possible. Different technologies for delivering radiation in the target area during radiosurgery include the use of a linear accelerator or Gamma Knife.
Chemotherapy: This treatment makes use of certain drugs (oral or intravenous/muscular injections) to kill the tumor cells. Intrathecal chemotherapy is also one method wherein the drugs are administered through the cerebrospinal fluid. It is usually recommended in the initial stages of brain cancer. It is given in multiple cycles including spacing of recovery period.
Targeted drug therapy: It involves the use of drugs that deal with specific abnormalities found within the brain cancer cells. The combined or single-drug therapy aims to block these abnormalities and allow the tumor cells to die. This treatment is provided only for some types of tumors after testing the efficacy on the brain tumor cells.
For more information about brain tumor surgery contact with the expert and experienced Brain tumor surgeon in Indore at Vishesh Jupiter Hospital.